Covered in verdant greenery and spotted with elegant traditional architecture, the Sankei-en Garden is a piece of tranquility hidden behind the bustling streets of Yokohama. Also known as the ‘Three Creeks Garden’, this traditional garden has a rich history and alluring hidden gems just waiting to be uncovered.
Many people come from far and wide to awe at the intriguing Japanese architecture of the many ancient houses and pagodas, coupled with jade coloured ponds, trickling streams and charming wood bridges. Take a stroll along one of the many serene walking paths and admire the stunning flora and fauna. For a moment, you might forget that you’re still in one of Japan’s most populous cities.
A Momentous History
Designed and established by a distinguished silk trader, Tomitaro Hara (more commonly known as Sankei Hara), the Hara family were one of the most successful families in the country and this beautiful garden was originally their home before it was first opened to the public in 1906.
As you explore the Sankei-en Garden, notice the collections of Japanese art and literature found around the different buildings. This is due to the fact that Hara himself was a genuine appreciator of traditional Japanese art and purposed the garden to support Japanese artists, even going so far as to open his private residence to be a showroom for important artists. It’s no surprise that many artists would frequent the garden to draw inspiration or enjoy a moment of peace!
The entire 175,000 square meter garden took some 20 years to build and most of the structures you can find in the garden were relocated by Hara from all over the country, namely places such as Gifu Prefecture, Wakayama Prefecture and Kyoto. During World War II, the garden along with its buildings were not spared and suffered severe damage. The garden had to be donated to the City of Yokohama in 1953 and the Sankei-en Hoshokai Foundation was created to help restore the tattered garden back to tip-top shape over the course of 5 years. These structures hold cultural significance and ten of them have been declared as Important Cultural property while three are designated as Tangible Cultural Properties of Japan.
The Inner Garden
Where most of Sankei Hara’s impeccably designed architecture resides, the Inner Garden was the Hara family’s private residence before being opened to the public in 1958. Here, see for yourself the picturesque views of historic buildings that Sankei Hara enjoyed. There are about 10 structures located in the Inner Garden, but these are some noteworthy ones:
Firstly, the fascinating building of Choshukaku dates all the way back to 1623 and is believed to be originally located within the premises of Nijō Castle in Kyoto. On top of that, this intriguing building utilizes three different roof styles, making it architecturally unique from the rest.
Next on the list is Rinshunkaku, which served as a residential villa for samurai leaders from the 17th century to the mid-19th century and was originally built in the Wakayama Prefecture back in 1649. This sophisticated building is divided into 12 rooms including a tea room, which is a rare occurrence!
The last building in the Inner Garden that cannot be missed is Hakuuntei, a traditional house that was designed by Sankei Hara and built back in 1920. Using a mix of traditional construction methods and western-style elements, along with a Cypress bark roof, this was Hara’s sanctuary and he could often be found spending time here with his wife.
The Outer Garden
On the other hand, the Outer Garden was one of the first few areas of the garden to be opened to the public in 1906. There are many exceptional buildings and structures which make this garden incomparable, but a few of them stand out.
View this post on Instagram
普段は非公開の重要文化財建造物の内部を、休園中の今Instagram上で特別公開します。旧燈明寺三重塔の初重には漆塗りの須弥壇があり、須弥壇上部は折り上げ小組格天井・周囲は小組格天井となっています。二重・三重の部分の内部は見せるための空間とはなっていませんので、残念ながら写真は初重部分のみ。 これからほかの建物もご紹介していきます、お楽しみに！ #三溪園 #sankeien_garden #sankeien #日本庭園 #japanesegarden #休園中 #temporalyclosed #横浜 #yokohama #重要文化財 #名勝 #古建築 #塔 #tower
The iconic Three-Story Pagoda of Old Tomyoji can be seen peeking out above the thicket from anywhere in Sankei-en and was built in 1457 at Tomyoji Temple, before being relocated, making it the oldest wooden pagoda in the entire Kanto region!
Next, the exquisite Yanohara House is one of the largest gassho style houses in Japan and was originally located in Shirakawa-go Hida. Expect to find an authentic Japanese house, equipped with farming tools used back in Hida and even an irori in the middle of the living room. It is also the only house in Sankei-en that is open to the public all year round.
Known as Sankei Hara’s home, Kakushokaku was built by Hara himself in 1902. Although having to be rebuilt after World War II, this majestic building still holds great historical significance, being the place where numerous artists and cultural and political figures visited.
Finally, get valuable insight into the work of Sankei Hara as well as a glimpse of his artwork at the Sankei Memorial. Be sure to drop by the Bototei tea house located within the museum where you can experience an authentic tea ceremony and sip on some toasty green tea!
The Mesmerizing Environment of Sankei-en Garden
Seemingly one of mother nature’s best masterpieces, the gorgeous nature that veils the garden is sure to charm anyone who pays a visit. Throughout the year, over 25 different types of flowers can be found around the garden. Adore the flourishing Azaleas, Hydrangeas and Irises in June and the orange and red hues of the autumn foliage in September.
Not to mention, the 300 Cherry Blossom trees that vibrantly burst out around the end of March and start of April, there’s even a night viewing event where the trees and the Tomyoji pagoda are magically illuminated with lanterns, creating a scene straight out of a fairytale.
Head over to the Lotus pond and gaze at the stunning Lotus flowers swaying in the wind or drop by the Oike pond where you can buy fish food to feed the multicoloured carp and adorable turtles!
Among all the magnificent parks and gardens in Japan, the sheer beauty and historical and cultural significance that Sankei-en Garden has to offer places it in the upper echelon. From spectacular buildings with enthralling history to the unparalleled natural beauty that induces instant calm, this garden should be at the top of your bucket list if you’re looking for a raw piece of Japan. What are you waiting for? Discover Sankei-en and witness the charms that Yokohama’s hidden gem has to offer!
See you again next time!